Thus, material is poured into the first machine at the top and powder comes out at the bottom of the machinery located on the ground floor. Traders might go either for self- service or full service or special layouts whereas service establishments such as motels, hotels, and restaurants must give due attention to customer convenience, quality of service, efficiency in delivering the service etc.
It should ensure free and efficient flow of men and materials. For example, manufacturing plants apart from producing solid waste can also pollute water and air.
Estimate expenses on materials, transport, wages, power etc for each location on each of the above factors. Discuss the objectives and advantages of a good layout 7. Existing plant operations are difficult to expand due to poor selection of site earlier. Yet another applicability of this layout is the newspaper plant, where the time element is of supreme importance, the accomplishment being gapped in seconds.
In addition, management must consider plans for future expansion as well, and position the plant accordingly. They get least priority and in the event of scarcity are the one to be struck off first from the list.
Manufacturing firms need more space and tend to prefer suburban locations where land is relatively less expensive and less difficult to develop. Location of such industries close to border areas is undesirable. The location factors of industry can be classified into three types: The other employee facilities like toilet facilities, drinking water facilities, first aid room, cafeteria etc.
Community factors These involve accommodation, education, entertainment and transport facilities.
Land and Buildings Equipment Transport facilities Cost of operations: Pure Materials are those which add their weight to the finished product. Local Government Grants to tempt companies to move to deprived areas; 2. Organize the store so that customers do not have a view of the entire department 3.
Businessman should try to make an attempt for optimum or ideal location. However, it may be important factor for certain industries like textile mills, which require high humidity.
However, it has also been observed that these facilities can attract entrepreneurs to establish industries in backward areas provided other required facilities do also exist there. The customer is always impressed by service, efficiency and quality.
In some places trucks cannot use certain highways during rush hour, while in others the maximum permissible noise emitted by the factory must be kept under check. Already established industry in a certain area will produce skilled labour in that trade.
Just to give you an idea what gigantic proportions can water as a resource assumes. Each individual plant is a case in itself.
Hospital, the medicines, doctors and nurses are taken to the patient product. Similarly plant layout is applicable to a cinema hall, where emphasis is on comfort, and convenience of the cinemagoers. Every company is in business to market and it can survive only if their product reaches the consumers on time and at the competitive price.
Examples of Pure materials are cotton textiles, bakeries, silk fabrics, etc.
You have come across various key words in this section. Another example is high- tech industry, it usually sets up head offices and development centers in suburban areas rather than city centers.
High-tech companies need to have access to new ideas typically associated with a university or research institute. All facilities are brought and arranged around one work center.Factors governing plant location: 1.
Regional factors: These factors include proximity of the plant to the market and also to the sources of the raw materials. Many factors are influencing location of a thermal power plants. Main factors are. how close to cooling water from river, ocean, sea, etc.
Facility location, also known as location analysis or k center problem, is a branch of operations research and computational geometry concerning itself with mathematical modeling and solution of problems concerning optimal placement of facilities in order to minimize transportation costs, avoid.
The leading factors affecting plant location are as follows: 1. Selection of Region 2. Township Selection 3. Question of Urban and Rural Area 4. Location of a Factory in a Big City 5.
Location of an Industry in Small Town 6.
The Sub-urban Location for a Factory 7. Site Selection 8. Current Trends in Pant Location 9. Appropriate Site Selection Local laws and regulations often play a key role in plant location.
Various factors ranging from how the waste products must be processed to how much overtime workers can legally clock in as per.
A location factor are the factors in which the people who are placing the factory must take into consideration.Download